DOs & DON'Ts


To accompany the Study on “Thailand’s Cybersecurity Act: Towards a human-centred Act, protecting online freedom and privacy, while tackling cyber threats” was developed as a guide to Thailand, its institutions, its private entities and its netizens, to contribute to a strong policy and streamlined process of implementation and monitoring of the National Cybersecurity Act in line with international human rights standards, Manushya Foundation also developed a summary on "Thailand's Cybersecurity Act: DOs & DON'Ts, Towards a Human centred Act protecting online freedom and privacy, while tackling cyber threats".

In this summary, DOs and DON'Ts of the following six challenges are explained:

  • CHALLENGE 1: Broad scope and definition using National security, economic security, martial security and public order in the implementation and monitoring of the Act;

  • CHALLENGE 2: Problematic substantive provisions and failure to define them in relation to Three Level of Cyber Threats (non- critical, critical and crisis threats);

  • CHALLENGE 3: Controversial control mechanisms (government bodies and agencies) under the Act: Top-down structure, broad powers given to authorities putting netizens under surveillance, lack of transparency and standards; 

  • CHALLENGE 4: Powerplay in the application of the Act: Control over Critical Information Infrastructures (CII) and reporting obligations placed on them; 

  • CHALLENGE 5: Absence of checks and balances: Cybersecurity Threats, lack of accountability and the use of the Court system; 

  • CHALLENGE 6: Failure to ensure remedies: Grievance redressal, imprisonment, fine and compensation.


Founded in 2017, Manushya Foundation serves as a bridge to engage, mobilise, and empower agents of change by: connecting humans through inclusive coalition building and; by developing strategies focused at placing local communities’ voices in the centre of human rights advocacy and domestic implementation of international human rights obligations and standards.


Manushya Foundation strengthens the solidarity and capacity of communities and grassroots to ensure they can constructively raise their own concerns and provide solutions in order to improve their livelihoods and the human rights situation on the ground.

©2021 by Manushya Foundation.