ELDERLY RIGHTS IN THAILAND:

JOINT SUBMISSION

TO THE UN UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW (UPR)

FOR THAILAND'S THIRD UPR CYCLE

39TH SESSION OF THE UPR WORKING GROUP

 25 MARCH 2021

The 39th Session of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) Working Group will conduct the 3rd UPR of Thailand. All interested individuals and organizations, including civil society organizations, activists, and academics with work related to Thailand were invited to provide their input ahead of the 3rd UPR cycle that will take place on 10th November 2021.

In this context, Manushya Foundation jointly with Foundation for Older Persons’ Development (FOPDEV) made a joint submission to examine the compliance of Thailand with the recommendations it received during its 2nd Universal Periodic Review (UPR) cycle, particularly in relation to the protection of the rights of elderly people.

This submission brings to light Thailand’s treatment of elderly people, who are facing severe challenges in accessing their human rights, as the Thai government has failed, until now, to put in place a comprehensive approach to enhance their rights, to provide sufficient pension and welfare allowance, and to ensure their access to information, justice and seek remedies.

 

In recent years, there have been some positive steps taken to recognise the rights of the elderly under Thai law. We can recall the Elderly Person Operational Plan (2020-2022) focusing on preparation for old age, promotion of elderly person’s careers, and the development of professional careers. However, their rights have not been enhanced and they continue to face substantial challenges.

This submission clearly indicates that elderly persons face severe challenges in accessing their human rights, in the following manner:

  • Gap in national legislation to protect and uphold the rights of the elderly.

  • Right to retirement. 

  • Insufficient allowances and pension schemes.

  • Lack of access to the care required.

  • Physical and mental abuse faced by elderly persons.​

  • Difficulty in public infrastructures usage.

  • Discrimination of elderly in employment, and the particular vulnerability of elder women.

  • Lack of assistance for the elderly struggling with mental health issues.

  • Thai Government’s inactivity in addressing climate change-related issues.

  • Elderly’s lack of access to justice and effective remedy.

The submission also provides recommendations to the Thai government, addressing the challenges and rights violations to advance the human rights situation on the ground, and the implementation of UPR recommendations received during the 2nd UPR cycle.

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TWITTER & INSTAGRAM

Founded in 2017, Manushya Foundation serves as a bridge to engage, mobilise, and empower agents of change by: connecting humans through inclusive coalition building and; by developing strategies focused at placing local communities’ voices in the centre of human rights advocacy and domestic implementation of international human rights obligations and standards.

 

Manushya Foundation strengthens the solidarity and capacity of communities and grassroots to ensure they can constructively raise their own concerns and provide solutions in order to improve their livelihoods and the human rights situation on the ground.

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