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Solidarity for Human Rights Defenders Fatia Maulidiyanti and Har
is Azhar

22 November 2023

The undersigned organizations, human rights groups, and defenders are calling for the Indonesian Government to end its judicial harassment against prominent human rights defenders, Fatia Maulidiyanti and Haris Azhar as well as to further protect all human rights defenders in the country.


Fatia and Haris’ Indictment

Fatia is the former coordinator of the Commission for the Disappeared and Victims of Violence (KontraS) from 2020 to 2023; meanwhile, Haris is the co-founder of Lokataru Foundation. They are both facing a defamation charge under Article 27 paragraph (3) in conjunction with Article 45 paragraph (3) of the Electronic and Information Transaction (EIT) Law.

The Statement of Fatia Haris.png

Fatia and Haris have experienced 28 hearings since 3 April 2023. During the indictment reading on the 28th hearing on 12 November, the lead prosecutor advised the Court to sentence Fatia to three years and six months in prison alongside a fine of 500,000 rupiah (USD32), and Haris to four years in prison alongside a fine of one million rupiah (USD65). The latter is the maximum punishment set under the (EIT) law.


The case was brought by Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan, the Coordinating Minister of Maritime and Investment Affairs, after the duo appeared on Haris’ YouTube channel to discuss a report alleging the involvement of several national and multinational companies in mining operations in Intan Jaya, Papua. The allegations included those affiliated with political figures such as Panjaitan.


‘We are extremely concerned about the indictment of Fatia and Haris as this reveals just how dangerous it is to be a human rights defender in Indonesia. For merely speaking truth to power, seeking justice and accountability, and expressing evidence-based criticisms against the government, the likes of Fatia and Harris are being silenced. Such judicial harassment would have never happened in a healthy democratic context. Fatia and Harris’ ordeal reveals the deterioration of Indonesia’s civic and democratic space,’ the groups said collectively.

Breaching international obligation

The ongoing criminalisation of Fatia and Haris is in contravention with several of Indonesia’s international commitments, including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).


Instead of upholding people’s right to freedom of expression, the government chose to deploy defamation charges against Fatia and Harris. Indonesia has also breached its pledge made upon its reelection as a member of the United Nations Human Rights Council from 2024 to 2026–to preserve the fundamental civil and political rights of all persons.

Call for Action

The criminalisation of Fatia and Haris for simply criticizing a government official is a breach of Indonesia’s obligation to uphold people’s fundamental freedoms–especially free expression– under the ICCPR. Such criminalisation not only undermines the work of human rights defenders, but also creates a chilling effect on free speech and dissenting voices. Therefore, leading to the verdict, scheduled to be given on the 18th December, it is imperative for all stakeholders–including the international community and general public–to urge the Court to acquit Fatia and Haris of all charges and for the government to immediately end judicial harassment against the defenders.


‘We are in solidarity with Fatia and Haris. We cannot remain silent. The work of human rights defenders is and will always be essential to upholding democracy and human rights for all. We call on the Indonesian Government to stop its criminalisation of defenders and to refrain from enacting further harm against them,’ the groups voiced together.




  1. Advocacy Forum

  2. Agora International Human Rights Group

  3. Ain o Slaish Kendra (ASK)

  4. Aliansi Jurnalis Independen (AJI)

  5. ALTSEAN-Burma

  6. Amnesty International Indonesia

  7. ANTI

  8. Anti Death Penalty Asia Network (ADPAN)

  9. ASEAN Regional Coalition to #StopDigitalDictatorship

  10. ASEAN SOGIE Caucus

  11. ASEAN Youth Forum

  12. Asia Alliance Against Torture (A3T)

  13. Asia Democracy Network

  14. Asia Justice and Rights (AJAR)

  15. Asian Federation Against Involuntary Disappearances (AFAD)

  16. Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA)

  17. Asosiasaun HAK (Timor-Leste)

  18. AWAM Pakistan

  19. AwazCDS-Pakistan

  20. Banglar Manabadhikar Suraksha Mancha (MASUM) India

  21. Bir Duino

  22. Bytes for All, Pakistan (B4A)

  23. Canadian Civil Liberties Association

  24. Capital Punishment Justice Project (CPJP)

  25. Centre for Human Rights and Development (CHRD)

  26. Centro de Estudios Legales y Sociales (CELS)

  27. CIVICUS: World Alliance for Citizen Participation

  28. Civil Society and Human Rights network (CSHRN)

  29. Commission for the Disappeared and Victims of Violence (KontraS)

  30. Community Resource Centre (CRC)

  31. Cross Cultural Foundation (CrCf) Thailand

  32. DAKILA

  33. Defence of Human Rights Pakistan

  34. DeJusticia Colombia

  35. Dignity-Kadyr-kassiyet (KK)

  36. Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights

  37. ELSAM

  38. Ensemble contre la peine de mort (ECPM)

  39. FIDH (International Federation for Human Rights), within the framework of the Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders

  40. Franscisans International

  41. Frontline Defenders

  42. Harm Reduction International

  43. Human Rights and Development Foundation (HRDF) Thailand

  44. Human Rights Defenders’ Alert – India (HRDA)

  45. Human Rights Hub (HRH)

  46. Human Rights Law Centre (HRLC) Australia

  47. Human Rights Law Network (HRLN) India

  48. Human Rights Lawyers Association Thailand

  49. Human Rights Watch

  50. Human Rights Working Group (HRWG)

  51. Humanis

  52. Imparsial

  53. Indonesia Legal Aid Foundation (YLBHI)

  54. INFORM Human Rights Documentation Centre

  55. Initiatives for International Dialogue (IID)

  56. International Network of Civil Liberties Organizations (INCLO)

  57. Judicial System Monitoring Program (JSMP)

  58. Karapatan Alliance Philippines (KARAPATAN)

  59. La’o Hamutuk

  60. Law and Society Trust (LST)

  61. League for the Defence of Human Rights in Iran (LDDHI)

  62. Legal Aid and Human Rights Association (PBHI)

  63. Legal Resource Centre (LRC)

  64. Liberty — United Kingdom

  65. Madaripur Legal Aid Association (MLAA)

  66. Maldivian Democracy Network (MDN)

  67. Manushya Foundation

  68. Medical Action Group (MAG) Philippines

  69. Milk Tea Alliance Indonesia (ID Milk Tea)

  70. Milk Tea Alliance – Friends of Myanmar

  71. MUSAWI Pakistan

  72. National Commission for Justice and Peace (NCJP)

  73. New Naratif

  74. Odhikar Bangladesh

  75. People’s Watch – India

  76. People’s Solidarity for Participatory Democracy (PSPD)

  77. Philippine Alliance for Human Rights Advocates (PAHRA)

  78. Programme Against Custodial Torture and Impunity (PACTI)

  79. Progressive Voice

  80. PurpleCode Collective

  81. Pusat KOMAS

  82. Pusat Studi Hukum dan Kebijakan (PSHK)

  83. Refugee and Migratory Movements Research Unit (RMMRU)

  84. RRR Collective

  85. Safety and Risk Mitigation Organization (SRMO)


  87. South Asia Youth Network (SAYN)

  88. Southeast Asia Freedom of Expression Network (SafeNet)

  89. Sri Lanka Democracy Network (SLDN)

  90. Stiftung Asienhaus, Germany

  91. Suara Rakyat Malaysia (SUARAM)

  92. Task Force Detainees of the Philippines (TFDP)

  93. TAPOL

  94. The Asia Alliance Against Torture (A3T)

  95. The Awakening – A Society for Social & Cultural Development

  96. The Human Rights Measurement Initiative (HRMI)

  97. The Hungarian Civil Liberties Union

  98. The Indonesian Legal Aid and Human Rights Association (PBHI)

  99. The Irish Council for Civil Liberties (ICCL)

100. Think Centre

101. Westpapua-Netzwerk, Germany

102. World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT), within the framework of the Observatory for the Protection of

103. Human Rights Defenders


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